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Data Center Africa


Published: June 2016. 87 pages. 33 Tables & Charts






Africa is an emerging data center market with contrasting differences are also becoming evident between more digitally advanced countries, and all others on the continent. Originally cast as a mobile story, there are signs that the transition to digitalising economies is encouraging the development of carrier neutral facilities but the journey will be challenging given the relatively low base from which demand in most countries is starting.

In this new report, covering 16 country markets, research has identified 74 players with 91 data centers.

The report usefully segments country markets into three categories:

  • Early Stage Pioneer typically with less than 2k m2 in total in each country market;
  • Developing markets (2k-6k m2) and
  • Carrier/Larger Scale with >6.1k m2.

The report reviews data center activity in each market and identifies the challenges which act variously as growth inhibitors, and assesses the opportunities for demand and future growth.

Reviewing subsea connectivity, power and energy resources and rise of off-grid solutions, enterprise outsourcing demand, emerging digital parks, fiber availability and investment.

Research for the report suggests that administrations tend to focus on local industry when conceiving digital parks but need to consider how to encourage international investment and integrate data centers into infrastructure strategies as another source of potential demand creation.

Policy indeed represents some stumbling blocks to data center investment ranging from building permissions, bureaucratic delay and costs particularly for overseas players. Faster to deploy solutions - ‘data center in a box’ – are increasingly favoured, with integral cooling and lower operational costs and increasingly represent favoured medium term solutions.

Although a host of problematic factors ranging from heat to dust exist on the continent, new players are emerging and building high specification facilities. Nevertheless for investors, pioneering digital eco-systems in new African markets does require a more pioneering mindset.

The research also suggests clear evidence of change, with the emergence of internet exchanges, high quality facilities already cited and gradual local hosting of content. The consumption of data services will soon outstrip the hosting infrastructure traditionally placed outside of Africa and a shift to regional and local data centers will be the next crucial step.

Overall the report provides an assessment of an emergent series of country markets, each at different speeds and characterised by sets of strengths and weaknesses that with more distinct investment in fiber, low latency satellite broadband and sustained cable upgrades, will eventually deliver an exciting and potentially significantly sized market opportunity.

List of Tables and Charts
Executive Summary

1 Introduction - Data Center Africa

1.1 Carrier Neutral Data Center versus carrier owned development
1.2 The deployment of peering internet exchange points
1.3 Trends for local hosting of content
1.4 National and regional fiber links and submarine cables
1.5 Power Availability
1.6 Key Point Summary

2 Data Center Country Market Profile
2.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles
2.2 Digital Park Development
2.3 Subsea International Cable Connectivity
2.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.7 Angola Country Profile - 2016
2.7.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.7.2 Digital Park Development
2.7.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.7.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.7.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.7.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.7.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.7.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.7.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.7.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.8 Botswana Country Profile - 2016
2.8.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.8.2 Digital Park Development
2.8.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.8.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.8.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.8.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.8.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.8.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.8.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.8.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.9 Cote D’Ivoire Country Profile - 2016
2.9.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.9.2 Digital Park Development
2.9.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.9.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.9.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.9.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.9.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.9.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.9.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.10 Egypt Country Profile - 2016
2.10.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.10.2 Digital Park Development
2.10.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.10.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.10.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.10.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.10.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.10.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.10.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.10.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.11 Gabon Country Profile - 2016
2.11.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.11.2 Digital Park Development
2.11.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.11.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.11.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.11.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.11.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.11.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.11.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.11.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.12 Ghana Country Profile - 2016
2.12.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.12.2 Digital Park Development
2.12.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.12.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.12.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.12.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.12.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.12.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.12.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.12.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.13 Kenya Country Profile - 2016
2.13.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.13.2 Digital Park Development
2.13.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.13.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.13.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.13.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.13.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.13.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.13.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.13.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.14 Madagascar Country Profile - 2016
2.14.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.14.2 Digital Park Development
2.14.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.14.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.14.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.14.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.14.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.147.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.14.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.14.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.15 Morocco Country Profile - 2016
2.15.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.15.2 Digital Park Development
2.15.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.15.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.15.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.15.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.15.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.15.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.15.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.15.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.16 Mozambique Country Profile - 2016
2.16.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.16.2 Digital Park Development
2.16.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.16.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.16.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.16.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.16.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.16.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.16.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.16.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.17 Namibia Country Profile - 2016
2.17.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.17.2 Digital Park Development
2.17.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.17.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.17.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.17.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.17.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.17.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.17.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.17.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.18 Nigeria Country Profile - 2016
2.18.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.18.2 Digital Park Development
2.18.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.18.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.18.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.18.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.18.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.18.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.18.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.18.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.19 Rwanda Country Profile - 2016
2.19.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.19.2 Digital Park Development
2.19.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.19.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.19.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.19.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.19.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.19.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.19.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.19.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.20 South Africa Country Profile - 2016
2.20.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.20.2 Digital Park Development
2.20.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.20.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.20.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.20.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.20.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.20.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.20.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.20.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.21 Tunisia Country Profile - 2016
2.21.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.21.2 Digital Park Development
2.21.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.21.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.21.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.21.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.21.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.21.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.21.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.21.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.22 Zambia Country Profile - 2016
2.22.1 Key Data Center Players - Outline profiles 
2.22.2 Digital Park Development
2.22.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.22.3 Subsea Connectivity - Main Providers
2.22.4 Dark Fiber Availability
2.22.5 Peering Internet Exchange Points
2.22.6 Main Power Suppliers and availability
2.22.7 Total estimated Data Centre space - in m2 - 2016
2.22.8 Total estimated Data Centre Customer Power in MW – 2016
2.22.9 Data Center Scorecard
2.23 Key Point Summary

3 Pan Africa Data Center Strategies

3.1 Internet Services (IS)
3.2 Liquid Telecom
3.3 MTN
3.4 Main One
3.5 Orange
3.6 Vodafone
3.7 Key Point Summary

4 Data Center Power Availability in Africa
4.1 Angola Data Center Power Availability
4.2 Botswana power availability
4.3 Cote d’Ivoire power availability
4.4 Egypt power availability
4.5 Gabon power availability
4.6 Ghana power availability
4.7 Kenya power availability
4.8 Madagascar power availability
4.9 Morocco power availability
4.10 Mozambique power availability
4.11 Namibia power availability
4.12 Nigeria power availability
4.13 Rwanda power availability
4.14 South Africa power availability
4.15 Tunisia power availability
4.16 Zambia power availability
4.17 Key Point Summary

5 Forecasts and Outlook for Data Center space and power in Africa 
5.1 Data Center space (m2) forecast per country
5.2 Country Forecasts
5.3 Data Centre power (MW) forecast per country 
5.4 African Subsea International Cable System build over next 2 years – 2016 & 2017
5.5 Satellite Broadband
5.6 Key Point Summary 

6. Conclusions – Data Center Africa - 2016 to 2017

Appendix One – A table showing the exchange rates used in the Africa Data Center report

Figure 1: Current Data Center investment phases in Africa

Figure 2: Main Data Center business models being used in Africa (%)

Figure 3: Carrier Neutral Data Center developments in Africa opened since 2012

Figure 4: Percentage of large organizations using third party Data Center facilities

Figure 5: 3rd party African Data Center facilities certified as Tier 3 by the Uptime Institute

Figure 6: Data Center space by country (m2)

Figure 7: African Digital Park Developments by country

Figure 8: Key international submarine cable systems in Africa

Figure 9: Dark Fiber service providers by African country

Figure 10: IP Peering Exchanges in Africa

Figure 11: African power costs per kW Hour by country (USD)

Figure 12: Angola Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 13: Botswana Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 14: Cote d’Ivoire Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 15: Egypt Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 16: Gabon Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 17: Ghana Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 18: Kenya Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 19: Madagascar Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 20: Morocco Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 21: Mozambique Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 22: Namibia Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 23: Nigeria Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 24: Rwanda Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 25: South Africa Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 26: Tunisia Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 27: Zambia Data Center Scorecard (as of the end of 2016)

Figure 28: Data Center Market Categories by total m2 share

Figure 29: Market Categories by share of m2 datacenters

Figure 30: Data Center space forecast m2 by country 2016-2017

Figure 31: Data Centre Power (MW) forecast by country 2016-2017

Figure 32: Forecast for new international submarine cable systems in Africa 2016-2017

Figure 33: Power costs in kW per Hour by selected countries (USD)

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